The Lancaster House Agreement Pdf

Posted by: In: Ikke kategoriseret 11 okt 2021 Comments: 0

Following the Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting, held in Lusaka from 1 to 7 August 1979, the British Government invited Muzorewa and the leaders of the Patriotic Front to participate in a constitutional conference at Lancaster House. The objective of the conference was to discuss and agree on the conditions for a constitution of independence, to agree on the organization of elections under British authority and to enable Rhodesia to achieve legitimate and internationally recognized independence, the parties having differences with a political settlement of means. With the conclusion of this agreement and the signing of their report, the parties made a commitment: the three-month conference could hardly reach an agreement due to disagreements on land reform. Mugabe was put under pressure to sign and the country was the main stumbling blocks. [Citation required] Both the British and U.S. governments offered to compensate white citizens for each country sold in order to support reconciliation (the “willing buyer, seller” principle) and a fund was created to operate from 1980 to 1990. [Citation required] Forty years ago, on December 21, 1979, a contract was signed at Lancaster House. It ended the illegal white-dominated regime that had ruled Rhodesia since the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) in 1965, and launched the new independent state of Zimbabwe. The Lancaster House Agreement was an early diplomatic success for Margaret Thatcher`s new Conservative government and remains one of the most remarkable achievements of British diplomacy since the Second World War. Tags: Diplomacy, FCO Historians, Joshua Nkomo, Lancaster House, Lancaster House Agreement, Margaret Thatcher, Rhodesia, Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe The agreement would lead to the dissolution of the unrectified state of Zimbabwe, created months earlier by the internal regime; an agreement between moderate black nationalists and the government of Prime Minister Ian Smith. While Zimbabwe`s Rhodesia was not recognised, the Internal Settlement allowed the majority of blacks (so far the main British claim) and led to the election of the country`s first black prime minister. In the course of its deliberations, the Conference reached agreement on the following issues: the Agreement signed on 21 December 1979.

[3] Lord Carrington and Sir Ian Gilmour signed the agreement on behalf of the United Kingdom, Bishop Abel Muzorewa and Mr Silas Mundawarara signed for the government of Zimbabwe Rhodesia and Robert Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo for the Patriotic Front. In accordance with the terms of the agreement, Zimbabwe temporarily returned Rhodesia to its former status as a southern Rhodesian colony, thus ending the rebellion provoked by Rhodesia`s unilateral declaration of independence. Lord Soames was appointed governor with full executive and legislative powers. Since independence, the Lancaster House Agreement has been amended and amended more than 27 times, according to an independent Zimbabwean newspaper. According to Robert Matthews, the success of the negotiations at Lancaster House can be explained by four factors: according to the agreed independence constitution, 20% of the seats in the country`s parliament should be reserved for whites. This provision remained in the Constitution until 1987. [2] The parties represented at the conference were: the British government, the Patriotic Front led by Robert Mugabe and Joshua Nkomo, ZAPU (Zimbabwe African Peoples Union) and ZANU (Zimbabwe African National Union) and the Government of Rhodesia, represented by prime minister Archbishop Abel Muzorewa and Ian Smith, minister without division. .

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